Consequence-based theory teleological theory continuity theory a theory of motor development that postulates that motor changes occur in a linear fashion during an individual's life and that each change is dependent on the development of the prior period. Reasoning from consequences: teleological reasoning note, however, that we could often just as easily couch the same moral argument in goal-oriented or consequentialist terms in such an argument we treat the principles as values rather than as imperatives, and as ends to be achieved in society, rather than laws governing action directly. A manager using virtue-based ethical reasoning to make decisions would do so based on the kind of person s/he is or how s/he thinks of him or herself in the manager role while such a manager. First, justify your decision using duty-oriented reasoning (1 to 2 paragraphs) 2 second, justify your decision using consequence oriented reasoning (1 to 2 paragraphs) 3 third, justify your decision using virtue-ethics reasoning (1 to 2 paragraphs) you are a paramedic arriving at an emergency scene legal terms and conditions. Consequentialism says that right or wrong depend on the consequences of an act, and that the more good consequences are produced, the better the act.
Elements of ethical reasoning no description of ethical reasoning the elements of ethical decision making three types of ethical decision making character driven ethics consequence based rule or principle based not about making ethical decisions based on rules and duty nor taking the action that has the best outcome. - immanuel kant's theory immanuel kant (1724-1804) discussed many ethical systems and reasoning’s some were based on a belief that the reason is the final authority for morality in kant’s eyes, reason is directly correlated with morals and ideals. 5, 13 the viewpoint that relies on rules and principles is called formalism, or duty-oriented reasoning the viewpoint in which decisions are based on the assessment of consequences is called consequentialism.
4 consequence-based ethical reasoning 20 5 errors in ethical reasoning 25 51 the is/ought fallacy 25 52 the arbitrary line fallacy 27 review of terms 29 men tend to miss more days on duty than do women, due to sports injuries, alcohol abuse, and disciplinary causes at least that. Ethical reasoning methods 1 duty-oriented 2 consequence-oriented 3 divine mandate 4 virtue ethics reasoning answer each question for each of the above ethical reasoning methods be sure to explain your answers and why they may change with each theory. Harmonize and rationalize a path of ethical actions based on ethical reasoning (ilies et al, 2009) arjoon (2007) observed that an integration of moral philosophy into moral reasoning will evade the tendency to classify people according to moral beliefs the absence of justified decisions. A deontological, or duty-based, theory is one in which specific moral duties or obligations are seen as self-evident, having intrinsic value in and of themselves and needing no further justification moral actions are evaluated on the basis of inherent rightness or wrongness rather than goodness or a primary consideration of consequences. I am not a primarily rule-based ethicist, but i think that moral codes or rules form a minimal safety net underneath the moral reasoning process you describe.
Chapter02 1 chapter two decision making in value issues 2 “ am i sure it is my job to handle this” criticisms of duty-oriented reasoning exceptionless nature – too rigid for real life morality not derived from reason alone disregard of consequences question of concern for nonhumans multiple solutions of equal merit possible. Moral reasoning • a normative value based theories = an act is morally right if it promotes the good or what has value (a) consequentialism (and utilitarianism) whether an act is morally right depends solely on consequences or the goodness of consequences (b) virtue ethics. While consequentialism is the idea that an action's moral status is governed solely from its consequences, non-consequentialism is the ideas that the moral status is governed not just by its consequences but, by other things as well, such as, whether the act followed some rules, intentions (as someone pointed out below), etc this way of.
Deontological: duty-based ethics -- developed by immanuel kant this theory stresses that fidelity to principle and duty are the most important the consequences of an action, according to kant do not matter. A courageous acceptance of the need to make decisions and the equally courageous acceptance of the consequences of our decisions deontological (duty-oriented) theories duty-oriented ethics feel that the basic rightness or wrongness of an act depends upon its intrinsic nature rather than upon the situations of the consequences. Contemporary consequence-oriented, duty-oriented, and virtue ethics reasoning 23 define the basic principles of health consequence-oriented theory •also known as theological theory virtue ethics •focuses on traits, characteristics and. Normative ethics virtue theories duty theories consequentialist theories baier focuses more broadly on the reasoning and argumentation process that takes place when making moral choices all of our moral choices are, or at least can be, backed by some reason or justification a third duty-based theory is that by kant, which.
Duty-based ethics (deontology) there are some situations in which it just seems like some actions are right or wrong not because of the consequences of the action, or because of their connection to virtuous character, but because the actions by nature are right or wrong. With this, we have a virtue-based ethical theory — it doesn't judge actions as right or wrong but rather the character of the person doing the actions the person, in turn, makes moral decisions based upon which actions would make one a good person. A consequence-orientated theory that states that decisions should be made by determining what results will produce the best outcome for the most people teleological or consequence-oriented theory decision-making theory that judges the rightness or wrongness based on the outcome or predicted outcomes. Ethics ch 2 study play values tell us what is right and wrong, good and evil, and imply a preference in regard to correct human behavior the most common form of consequence oriented reasoning, in which the good resides in the promotion of happiness or the greatest net increase of pleasure over pain duty oriented reasoning describe.
Moral reasoning dg b120129 student handout b120129 moral reasoning dg 2 basic officer course moral reasoning introduction moral reasoning is the manner in which an individual makes decisions based on the determination of what is right and wrong this determination is further based on that individual’s consequence of that action is good. Virtue ethics virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences a virtue ethicist is likely to give you this kind of moral advice: “act as a virtuous person would act in your situation. Ethics terms and terminology absolutism – as a political theory, absolutism is typically a synonym for despotism as an ethical theory, it can be contrasted with relativisman absolutist would assert that there is one correct approach to the moral life, across persons and cultures.